How To Solve The Rubik’s Cube

Sections
  1. Cubing Notation
  2. Cross
  3. Solving the First Layer
  4. Second Layer
  5. Yellow Cross
  6. Orienting Corners
  7. The Yellow Corners
  8. Solving the Edges

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cubing notation

Today I will be teaching you how to solve the Rubik’s Cube using beginners method. First off you have to understand cubing notation.

Cubing notation partial guide

Basically, each letter stands for a face. What color face that is changes by how you hold the cube. The U face is not always Yellow.

“U” is for Upper

“D” is for Down

“R” is for Right

“L” is for Left

“F” is for Front

“B” is for Back

If you add an apostrophe after the letter it means turn the face counterclockwise rather than clockwise when looking at the face. If you add a 2 after the letter it means turn that face twice. If you rotate the cube what face you turn also changes. Strung together it becomes an algorithm, or alg for short.

Cross

If you know how to solve the cross or first side, skip ahead. Your first step is to make a daisy on the cube, this step should be fairly intuitive, you should try to do it yourself. Below are some more complex cases and algs.

The Alg for this is F U L’
The Alg for this is U2 L’
Daisy on top of the Rubik's cube
Daisy

Your cube should look like after you have completed this step. Turn the “U” face until the center and the top edge on the front match. Then turn that face twice. Only match white edges

Rotate the front face twice (the orange in this case)

Rotate the cube Left and repeat. Repeat until there are no daisy petals left. Make sure before you rotate that the edge that is matching that the edge has white in it. Turn the cube so white is facing up (if it isn’t already).

finished cross on top of the Rubik's Cube
Finished Cross

If your cube looks like this and if every edge on the cross matches with the center congratulations you are finished with this step! If this does not look like your cross try realigning with “U” moves. If it is still unsolved restart this step.

Solving the first layeR

Corners on Rubik's cube
Cases that can be solved with alg below (in this case you would put red on front)

If the corner is not solved place the corner under the slot they belong in using D moves. Put slot on front right side and do this alg until the corner is solved:

R’ D’ R D (repeat until corner is solved)

If the corner is in the right slot but misoriented, (right colors but don’t match up) Then do the alg above as well

If corner is in wrong slot (wrong colors) then put slot on right side front and do this alg ONCE: R’ D’ R D then Place the corner under the slot they belong in using D moves. Put slot on front right side and do this alg until the corner is solved:

R’ D’ R D

Repeat until all corners are solved.

If your cube looks like this then congratulations! You are done with this step! If you are not Repeat all steps.

Second layer

Turn the cube upside-down with white on the bottom. Then find an edge on top without yellow on it. Match the front side of the edge with the center like so and put the edge and center on the front face.

If your edge on top could belongs to the right like above, then do this alg (in this case with red facing front):

U R U’ R’ U’ F’ U F

If your edge on top could belongs to the left like above, then do this alg (in this case with red facing front) :

U’ L’ U L U F U’ F’

Repeat until there are no edges without yellow on top.

In the case above you would do a U’ move and operate the first algorithm with red facing front.

In this case, put the mis-oriented edge on the right and do the first algorithm. Do the same thing for edges in wrong slot.

Edge in wrong slot

After getting edges out of slots and misoriented edges repeat this step from beginning. All slots should be solved at this point.

F2L Done

If you’re cube looks like this, congratulations!

Yellow cross

If your cube already has a yellow cross on top then you’re done with this step! Note: ignore the corners. Identify the case then do the alg below and then identify the new case. Make sure the case is in correct orientation. Repeat until the cross is solved.

F R U R’ U’ F’

Do the alg with yellow up and the top of your cube oriented like a case above

If the top of your cube looks like this (ignoring the corners) and the first two layers is solved, congratulations! You’re done with this step.

Orienting Corners

The goal of this step is to make all the corners yellow on top, or to finish OLL (orient last layer).

(top view)

If none of the corners have yellow on top, put yellow on the left as shown above by doing U moves. Then do alg with yellow on top. THE ALG: R U R’ U R U2 R’

If there are three corners on top that are not yellow put the two not yellow on top right side as shown above. Then do alg the alg with yellow on top. THE ALG: R U R’ U R U2 R’

If there are two yellow corners on top match the front (F) face with a yellow left corner as shown above. Then do alg below. with yellow on top. Note: Not always this case, this is just one example of a case with two yellow corners on the top. THE ALG: R U R’ U R U2 R’

the Yellow corners

Now that the top face is all yellow we are going to put the corners in the right place. Do U moves until at least 2 corners are in the right place. They can be diagonal or across from each other. If the corners are adjacent from each other put the solved corners in the back and do this alg below. If the solved corners are diagonal from each other then do the alg below and then repeat this step:

R’ F R’ B2 R F’ R’ B2 R2

If your cube looks like this then congratulations, you are done with this step! If it doesn’t try aligning with U moves

Solving the Edges

After this step you are done! If one edge is correct put that edge in back and figure out what alg to do below. If no edge is correct then do any of the cases and redo this step from beginning.

The right edge goes to the left, the left edge goes to the front, and the front edge goes to the right. The alg for this: R U’ R U R U R U’ R’ U’ R2
The right edge goes to the front, front edge goes to the left, and the left edge goes to the right. The alg for this: R2 U R U R’ U’ R’ U’ R’ U R

Your cube should be solved now! Congratulations! A cube has more than 43 quintillion combinations only one of which is solved, so you are a remarkable human! If you have any suggestions or you have an ideas on how I can improve this then leave a comment below!

**All pictures (except for featured image) were made by me using Paint 3D and word**

10 thoughts on “How To Solve The Rubik’s Cube

  1. I used paint 3D! I got a model for a Rubik’s cube and just filled the colors in with the paint tool. And added arrow stickers. I then saved as an image and for the ones with multiple images I put all the images I needed in a word document and sized them, added what text I needed, then I copied it and then pasted as image in another word document using CTRL+A and CTRL+C then on the other word document click paste as special in the top right corner then past as image. Then I right clicked on that image I just pasted and clicked save as an image. Each picture takes me a while and that whole article took me a few weeks! I’m trying to create a complete cubing notation guide and it is taking me forever! But it is a super great way to get exactly the picture you need and have everything look coherent.

    Like

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